Terry : VirtualBox NAT Port Forwarding

VirtualBox NAT Port Forwarding

To set up incoming NAT connections to an ssh server in the guest, use the following command:

VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --natpf1 "guestssh,tcp,,2222,,22"

With the above example, all TCP traffic arriving on port 2222 on any host interface will be forwarded to port 22 in the guest. The protocol name tcp is a mandatory attribute defining which protocol should be used for forwarding (udp could also be used). The name guestssh is purely descriptive and will be auto-generated if omitted. The number after --natpf denotes the network card, like in other parts of VBoxManage.

To remove this forwarding rule again, use the following command:

VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --natpf1 delete "guestssh"

If for some reason the guest uses a static assigned IP address not leased from the built-in DHCP server, it is required to specify the guest IP when registering the forwarding rule:

VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --natpf1 "guestssh,tcp,,2222,,22"

This example is identical to the previous one, except that the NAT engine is being told that the guest can be found at the address.

To forward all incoming traffic from a specific host interface to the guest, specify the IP of that host interface like this:

VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --natpf1 "guestssh,tcp,,2222,,22"

This forwards all TCP traffic arriving on the localhost interface ( via port 2222 to port 22 in the guest.

It is not possible to configure incoming NAT connections while the VM is running. However, you can change the settings for a VM which is currently saved (or powered off at a snapshot).


Configuring Port Forwarding with NAT